Ibises, Flamingos, Spoonbills

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12 records

The Ibises have long down curved bills, and usually feed as a group, probing mud for food items, usually crustaceans. Most species nest in trees, often with spoonbills or herons.

The Flamingos often stand on one leg, the other tucked beneath the body. Standing on one leg allow the birds to conserve more body heat, as they spend a significant amount of time wading in cold water. As well as standing in the water, flamingos may stamp their webbed feet in the mud to stir up food from the bottom.

The Spoonbills have large, flat, spatulate bills and feed by wading through shallow water, sweeping the partly-opened bill from side to side. The moment any small aquatic creature touches the inside of the bill [an insect, crustacean, or tiny fish] it is snapped shut. Spoonbills generally prefer fresh water to salt but are found in both environments. They need to feed many hours each day.

Records

American Flamingo

Total Photos: 3

The American Flamingo is a large species of Flamingo; closely related to Chilean Flamingo. It is 140cm in length; weight is around 3kg. most of the plumage is pink. The wing coverts are red and the primary and secondary flight feathers are black. Bill is pink and white with restricted black tip. Legs are entirely pink.

It is the only one flamingo which naturally inhabits North America.

American White Ibis

Total Photos: 4

The American White Ibis is a species of wading bird. It occurs from the mid-Atlantic and Gulf coast of the United States south through most of the New World tropics. It is a middle-sized bird with an overall white plumage, bright red-orange down-curved bill and long legs, and black wing tips that are usually only visible in flight. Being sexually dimorphic, males are larger than females.

The breeding range spans along the Gulf and Atlantic Coast and also along the coasts of Mexico and Central America. The non-breeding range extends further inland in North America and also includes the Caribbean. It is also found along the northwestern South American coastline in Colombia and Venezuela. Populations in central Venezuela overlap and interbreed with the Scarlet Ibis. The two have been classified as a single species. Outside the breeding season, the American White Ibis is found in a variety of wetland habitats, and nests in huge colonies near water in breeding season.

The diet consists primarily of small aquatic prey such as insects and small fishes. Depending on the habitat and the prey abundance, the American White Ibis will adjust its diet although studies have found crayfish to be its preferred source of food in most regions. It is a tactile, non-visual forager whose main foraging behavior is probing its beak into the water to feel for and to capture its prey.

Black-headed Ibis

Total Photos: 3

The Black-headed Ibis breeds in South Asia and Southeast Asia from Pakistan to India, Sri Lanka east up to Japan. It builds a stick nest in a tree and lays 2-4 eggs. It occurs in marshy wetlands inland and on the coast, where it feeds on various fish, frogs and other water creatures, as well as on insects. Adults are typically 75 cm long and white-plumaged, with some greyer areas on the wings. The bald head, the neck and legs are black. The thick curved bill is dusky yellow. Sexes are similar, but juveniles have whiter necks and a black bill.

Chilean Flamingo

Total Photos: 5

The Chilean Flamingo is a large species closely related to Caribbean Flamingo and Greater Flamingo, with which it was sometimes considered conspecific. it is 125cm long.

It breeds in temperate South America from Ecuador and Peru to Chile and Argentina and east to Brazil; it has been introduced into Germany and the Netherlands. Like all flamingos it lays a single chalky white egg on a mud mound.

The plumage is pinker than the slightly larger Greater Flamingo, but less so than Caribbean Flamingo. It can be differentiated from these species by its greyish legs with pink knees, and also by the larger amount of black on the bill. Young chicks may have no sign of pink coloring whatsoever, but instead remain grey.

Eurasian Spoonbill

Total Photos: 5

The Eurasian Spoonbill is a wading bird, breeding in southern Eurasia from Spain to Japan, and also in North Africa. In Europe, only The Netherlands, Spain, Austria, Hungary and Greece have sizeable populations. Most birds migrate to the tropics in winter, with European breeders mainly going to Africa, but a few remaining in mild winter areas of western Europe south to the United Kingdom.

This species is almost unmistakable in most of its range. The breeding bird is all white except for its dark legs, black bill with a yellow tip, and a yellow breast patch like a pelican. It has a crest in the breeding season. Non-breeders lack the crest and breast patch, and immature birds have a pale bill and black tips to the primary flight feathers. Unlike herons, spoonbills fly with their necks outstretched.

Glossy Ibis

Total Photos: 4

The Glossy Ibis is athe most widespread ibis species, breeding in scattered sites in warm regions of Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, and the Atlantic and Caribbean region of the Americas. It is thought to have originated in the Old World and spread naturally from Africa to northern South America in the 19th century. This species is migratory; most European birds winter in Africa, and in North America birds from north of the Carolinas winter farther south. Birds from other populations may disperse widely outside the breeding season. While generally declining in Europe it has recently established a breeding colony in Southern Spain.

The Glossy Ibis nests colonially in trees, often with herons. It is also gregarious when feeding in marshy wetlands; it preys on fish, frogs and other water creatures, as well as occasionally on insects.

It is 65cm long with an 100cm (35–41 in) wingspan. Breeding adults have reddish-brown bodies and shiny bottle-green wings. Non-breeders and juveniles have duller bodies. This species has a brownish bill, dark facial skin bordered above and below in blue-gray (non-breeding) to cobalt blue (breeding), and red-brown legs. Unlike herons, ibises fly with necks outstretched, their flight being graceful and often in V-formation.

Greater Flamingo

Total Photos: 19

The Greater Flamingo is the most widespread species of the flamingo family. It is found in parts of Africa, southern Asia, and southern Europe. Some populations are short distance migrants, and sightings north of the breeding range are relatively frequent; however, given the species' popularity in captivity, whether or not these are truly wild individuals is a matter of some debate.

This is the largest species of flamingo, with 150 cm tall and weighing 5 kg. It is closely related to the American Flamingo and Chilean Flamingo.

Lesser Flamingo

Total Photos: 2

The Lesser Flamingo is a species of flamingo found in sub-Saharan Africa and India. Birds are occasionally reported from further north, but these are generally considered vagrants. The Lesser Flamingo is the smallest species of flamingo, though it is a tall and largish bird by most standards. The species can weigh 3 kg. The standing height is 35 in. The total length and wingspan are in the same range of measurements, 40 in. Most of the plumage is pinkish white. The clearest difference between this species and the Greater Flamingo, the only other Old World species of flamingo, is the much more extensive black on the bill. Size is less helpful unless the species are together, since the sexes of each species also differ in height.

Red-naped Ibis

Total Photos: 5

The Black Ibis is a species of ibis found in parts of South Asia. It has a curlew-like long down-curved bill, a black head with a patch of crimson, and a white patch near the shoulder. This largish black bird is found at lakes, in marshes, in riverbeds and on irrigated farmland. It is not as aquatic as many other species of ibis. It is gregarious and generally forages on margins of wetlands in small numbers. It is a common breeding resident in India. It nests in trees and breeds from March to October in North India.

Roseate Spoonbill

Total Photos: 1

The Roseate Spoonbill is 80 cm tall, with a 130 cm wingspan. It has long legs, a long neck, and a long, spatulate bill. Adults have a bare greenish head and a white neck, back, and breast (with a tuft of pink feathers in the center when breeding), and are otherwise a deep pink. The bill is grey.

Unlike herons, spoonbills fly with their necks outstretched. They alternate groups of stiff, shallow wing-beats with glides

Scarlet Ibis

Total Photos: 2

The Scarlet Ibis is a species commonly found in tropical South America and also Trinidad and Tobago.

Adults are 65 cm long and weigh 650g. They are completely scarlet, except black wing tips. A juvenile Scarlet Ibis is grey and white. Scarlet Ibis nest in trees, laying two to four eggs.

Diet is frogs and reptiles.  The life span of Scarlet Ibis is approximately 15 years.

Waldrapp Ibis

Total Photos: 2

Waldrapp Ibis is a migratory bird found in barren, semi-desert or rocky habitats, often close to running water. This 70–80 cm (28–31 in) glossy black ibis, which, unlike other members of the ibis family, is non-wading, has an unfeathered red face and head, and a long, curved red bill. It breeds colonially on coastal or mountain cliff ledges, where it typically lays 2–3 eggs in a stick nest, and feeds on lizards, insects, and other small animals.