Perching Birds

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19 records

With over 5,000 identified species, it has roughly twice as many species as the largest of the mammal orders. It contains over 110 families, the second most of any order of vertebrates.

Most Perching Birds are smaller. The heaviest and altogether largest are the Thick-billed Raven weighing 1.5 kg and measures 70 cm. The Superb Lyrebird and some Birds-of-Paradise, measures around 110 cm due to very long tails. The smallest Perching Bird is the Short-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant, measuring 6.5 cm and weighing 4.2 grams.

The foot of a passerine has three toes directed forward and one toe directed backwards. This arrangement enables the birds to perch upon vertical surfaces, such as trees and cliffs. The toes have no webbing or joining, but in some cotingas the second and third toes are united at their basal third. The hind toe joins the leg at the same level as the front toes. In other orders of birds the toe arrangement is different. The leg muscle of Perching Birds contains a special adaption for perching. It will automatically tighten and become stiff, if the bird starts to lose hold of the branch on which it is perching. This enables them to sleep while perching without falling off. This is especially useful for birds that develop nocturnal lifestyles.

Most passerine birds develop twelve tail feathers. Certain species have stiff tail feathers, which help the birds balance themselves when perching upon vertical surfaces.

The chicks of passerines are altricial; blind, featherless, and helpless when hatched from their eggs. This requires that the chicks receive a lot of parental care. Most perching birds lay coloured eggs.

Categories

Babblers, Starlings (Mynas)

Total Records: 20

Chats, Thrushes, Blackbirds

Total Records: 37

Crows, Treepies

Total Records: 9

Cuckooshrikes, Minivets

Total Records: 5

Finches, Cardinals

Total Records: 20

Flowerpeckers, Sunbirds

Total Records: 132

Flycatchers, Tits, Warblers

Total Records: 63

Hornbills, Toucans, Turacos

Total Records: 18

Hornbills, Toucans, Turacos

Ioras, Leaf Birds, Bulbuls

Total Records: 17

Kingfishers, Bee-Eaters

Total Records: 16

Mockingbirds, Waxwings

Total Records: 10

Parakeets, Macaws

Total Records: 65

Parakeet is a name for any one of a large number of unrelated small to medium sized species of parrot, that generally have long tail feathers. Parakeets breed better in groups, but are usually fine breeding in pairs. Hearing other parakeets encourages a pair to breed, which is why breeding in groups is more successful. However, many breeders choose to breed in pairs because that way they know which parents produced any given birds.

Macaws are long-tailed, often colorful New World parrots. Macaws are native to Mexico, Central America, South America, and formerly the Caribbean. Most species are associated with forests, especially rainforests, but others prefer woodland or savannah-like habitats. Proportionately larger beaks, long tails, and relatively bare, light-colored, medial areas distinguish macaws. A macaws facial feather pattern is as unique as a fingerprint.

Pipits, Wagtails

Total Records: 12

Pittas, Cuckoos

Total Records: 33

Rollers, Jays, Hoopoes

Total Records: 7

Shrikes, Orioles, Drongos

Total Records: 41

Sparrows, Buntings, Larks

Total Records: 22

Swallows, Swifts

Total Records: 32

Weavers

Total Records: 3

These are seed-eating birds with rounded conical bills, most of which are from Sub-Saharan Africa, with fewer species in tropical Asia. A few species have been introduced outside their native range. The weaver group is divided into the buffalo, sparrow, typical, and widow weavers. The males of many species are brightly coloured, usually in red or yellow and black, some species show variation in colour only in the breeding season.