Pigeons, Dove

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62 records

Pigeons and doves includes some 310 species. They are stout-bodied birds with short necks, and have short, slender bills with fleshy ceres. Doves feed on seeds, fruits, and plants. This family occurs worldwide, but the greatest variety is in the Indomalaya and Australasia ecozones.

In general, the terms "dove" and "pigeon" are used somewhat interchangeably. In ornithological practice, "dove" tends to be used for smaller species and "pigeon" for larger ones, but this is in no way consistently applied, and historically, the common names for these birds involve a great deal of variation between the terms. The species most commonly referred to as "pigeon" is the Feral Rock Pigeon, common in many cities.

Records

African Collared-Dove

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Andaman Wood Pigeon

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This uncommon species appears to rely on dense forest. This exclusively arboreal species inhabits dense broadleaved evergreen forest and occurs in pairs or small parties. It is frugivorous, taking a wide variety of large berries and fruit, and wanders between islands in search of food sources such as fruiting fig trees.

Band-tailed Pigeon

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Blue Ground-Dove

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Blue-headed Quail-Dove

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Bridled Quail-Dove

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Buff-fronted Quail-Dove

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Caribbean Dove

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Chiriqui Quail-dove

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The Chiriqui Quail-dove is  found in Costa Rica and Panama. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

Common Ground-Dove

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Crested Quail-Dove

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Diamond Dove

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The Diamond Dove is a bird resident in Australia. The dove predominantly exists in areas near water but which are lightly arid or semi-arid in nature, being Central, West and Northern Australia. They are one of Australia's smallest pigeons.

They are small pigeons with a length of 22 centimeters. Regardless of the gender, they have white spots and black edges on their wings, orange eyes and red eye-rings. The genders look similar except the female's eye ring is less vivid and has more of a brown color to the plumage. The male's head, neck, and breast are light blue-grey. The bill is a dark grey color. The abdomen is a creamy color while the back and tail is a brown-grey color. The legs and feet are pink. The juveniles have a light grey bill; the iris and eye ring is fawn in color; the feet and legs are grey; the breast is grey and they do not possess any white spots on their wings.

Dusky Pigeon

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Eared Dove

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Emerald Dove

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The common emerald dove is widespread resident breeding bird in the tropical and sub-tropical parts of the Indian Subcontinent and east through Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Indonesia, to northern and eastern Australia. This is a common species in rainforest and similar dense wet woodlands, farms, gardens, mangroves and coastal heaths. It often flies low between the patches of dense forest it prefers, but when disturbed will frequently walk away rather than fly. They are particularly good weavers when flying through forests. When flying they expose a buff underwing and a chestnut colour of their flight feathers.

Eurasian Collared Dove

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The Eurasian Collared Dove is a species of dove native to Asia and Europe, but also found in North and South America.

It is a medium sized dove, similar in length to a Rock Pigeon but slimmer and longer-tailed, and slightly larger than the related Turtle Dove. It is 35 cm long from tip of beak to tip of tail, with a wingspan of 55 cm, and a weight of 250 gm. It is grey-buff to pinkish-grey overall, a little darker above than below, with a blue-grey under-wing patch. The tail feathers are grey-buff above, and dark grey tipped white below; the outer tail feathers also tipped whitish above. It has a black half-collar edged with white on its nape from which it gets its name. The short legs are red and the bill is black. The iris is red, but from a distance the eyes appear to be black, as the pupil is relatively large and only a narrow rim of reddish-brown iris can be seen around the black pupil. The eye is surrounded by a small area of bare skin, which is either white or yellow. The two sexes are virtually indistinguishable; juveniles differ in having a poorly developed collar, and a brown iris.

Gray-chested Dove

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Gray-fronted Quail-Dove

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Gray-headed Dove

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Green Imperial Pigeon

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The green imperial pigeon is a large, plump pigeon, 45 cm in length. Its back, wings and tail are metallic green. The head and underparts are white, apart from maroon undertail coverts. Sexes are similar. The bird's call is deep and resonant, and is often the first indication of the presence of this treetop species.

This is a forest species which is a widespread resident breeding bird in tropical southern Asia from India east to Indonesia.

This is an arboreal dove, feeding on plant material in the tree canopy. Its flight is fast and direct, with the regular beats and an occasional sharp flick of the wings which are characteristic of pigeons in general. It builds a stick nest in a tree and lays a single white egg. The birds are not very gregarious, but will form small flocks.

Grenada Dove

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Grey-fronted Green Pigeon

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Inca Dove

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Jambu Fruit Dove

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The Jambu Fruit Dove is a smallish colorful fruit-dove. It is a resident breeding species in southern Thailand, Malaysia, Brunei and the Indonesian islands of Kalimantan, Sumatra and Java.

The Jambu Fruit Dove inhabits mangrove swamps and lowland rain forests up to 1,500 m and is also found in second growth woodland. The male holds a breeding territory, advertised by raising its wings, bobbing its body and cooing. It will defend its territory with a quick peck if the territorial display fails. The female builds a flimsy nest of twigs, roots and grasses, which are collected by her mate, in a tree and lays one or sometimes two white eggs which are incubated for about 20 days to hatching, with a further 12 OR more days to fledging.

The Jambu Fruit Dove is 30 cm long and weighs 40 gm. It is a plump small-headed bird with soft feathers and very distinctive coloring including a white eye ring, orange bill and red legs.

The adult male has a crimson face with a black chin, unmarked green upper-parts and white underparts, with a pink patch on the breast and a chocolate brown under-tail. The female differs from the male in that she has a dull purple face with a dark chin. The underparts are green with a white belly and cinnamon under-tail. The immature Jambu Fruit Dove resembles the female but has a green face. The young male acquires its full adult plumage in about 39 weeks from fledging.The male when its young look a lot like the female.

The Jambu Fruit Dove is a shy and inconspicuous bird, camouflaged against the forest canopy by its green plumage. It is usually seen alone OR in pairs, but a sizable flock may gather when feeding at a fruit tree. It eats fruit directly from the tree, OR from the ground if items have been dropped by Hornbills or Monkeys. Like other doves, but unlike most birds, it can drink by sucking.

Key West Quail-Dove

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Laughing Dove

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The Laughing Dove is a small pigeon which is a resident breeding bird in the tropics in Africa south of the Sahara, the Middle East and southern Asia east to India. Probably as the result of stowaways from Africa or India, the bird is also found in a localised area of Western Australia.

The Laughing Dove is a long-tailed, slim pigeon, typically 25 cm in length. Its back, wings and tail are reddish-brown with blue-grey in the wings. In flight, the underwings are rich chestnut.

The head and underparts are pinkish, shading to whitish on the lower abdomen. There is black spotting on the throat. The legs are red. Juveniles are more rufous than adults, and have reduced throat spotting.

It is a common and widespread species in scrub, dry farmland and habitation over a good deal of its range, often becoming very tame.

This species builds a stick nest in a tree and lays two white eggs. Its flight is quick, with the regular beats and an occasional sharp flick of the wings which are characteristic of pigeons in general.

Laughing Doves eat grass, seeds, grains, other vegetation and small insects. They are fairly terrestrial, foraging on the ground in grasslands and cultivation. They are not particularly gregarious, and are usually alone, or in pairs.

Maroon-chested Ground-Dove

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Mourning Dove

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The Mourning Dove is also called as Turtle Dove OR American Mourning Dove OR Rain Dove. It is one of the most abundant and widespread of all North American birds. The wings can make an unusual whistling sound upon take-off and landing. The bird is a strong flier, capable of speeds up to 90 kmh.

Mourning Doves are light grey and brown and generally muted in color. Males and females are similar in appearance. The species is generally monogamous, with two young per brood. Both parents incubate and care for the young. Mourning Doves eat almost exclusively seeds, but the young are fed crop milk by their parents.

Nilgiri Wood Pigeon

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Olive-backed Quail-Dove

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Oriental Turtle Dove

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It shares the black and white striped patch on the side of its neck, but the breast is less pink, and the orange-brown wing feathers of the turtle dove are replaced with a browner hue, and darker centres. The tail is wedge shaped, like the turtle dove. The flight is more relaxed and direct than that of its relative.

Pale-vented Pigeon

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Passenger Pigeon

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Pied Imperial Pigeon

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The Pied Imperial Pigeon is a relatively large, pied species of pigeon. It is found in forest, woodland, mangrove, plantations and scrub in Southeast Asia, ranging from Myanmar and Thailand south to Java and east to the Philippines and the Bird's Head Peninsula in New Guinea. It is mainly found on small islands and in coastal regions.

The widespread nominate subspecies of the pied imperial pigeon differs from all these by its plain white thighs and undertail coverts (though often with a dark spot at the very tip), and its narrowly dark-tipped bluish bill.

Plain Pigeon

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Plain-breasted Ground-Dove

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Plumbeous Pigeon

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Purplish-backed Quail-Dove

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Red Collared Dove

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Red collard dove is a small pigeon which is a resident breeding bird in the tropics in the Indian subcontinent. This dove is essentially a plains species, extending to Taiwan and the Philippines but uncommon on the Malaysian archipelago, avoiding rocky foothill and an oriental species. There is however a summer migration into the broader cultivated valleys of Afghania where it breeds. It is the commonest dove throughout Punjab. It is a summer migrant visitor to India, where it is more or less resident. They prefer better-wooded tracts such as canal or roadside tree plantations and avoid extensive desert regions. When they first arrive they are often in small flocks, but they soon split up and start pair formation and breeding.

Red-billed Pigeon

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Ring-tailed Pigeon

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Rock Pigeon

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The Rock Pigeon has a dark bluish-gray head, neck, and chest with glossy yellowish, greenish, and reddish-purple iridescence along its neck and wing feathers. The iris is orange, red or golden with a paler inner ring, and the bare skin round the eye is bluish-grey. The bill is grey-black with a conspicuous off-white cere, and the feet are purplish-red.

Ruddy Ground-Dove

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Ruddy Pigeon

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Ruddy Quail-Dove

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Russet-crowned Quail-Dove

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Scaled Pigeon

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Scaly-naped Pigeon

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Short-billed Pigeon

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Socorro Dove

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Speckled Pigeon

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The Speckled Pigeon is a pigeon that is a resident breeding bird in much of Africa south of the Sahara. It is a common and widespread species in open habitats over much of its range, although there are sizeable gaps in its distribution. This species builds a large stick nest in a tree and lays two white eggs. Its flight is quick, with regular beats and an occasional sharp flick of the wings that are characteristic of pigeons in general.

Spotted Dove

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The Spotted Dove is a pigeon which is a resident breeding bird in tropical southern Asia from Pakistan, India and Sri Lanka east to south China and Southeast Asia.

This species builds a stick nest in a tree and lays two white, glossy eggs. In southern Australia, they breed mostly from September to January, and in the north in Autumn. Its flight is quick, with the regular beats and an occasional sharp flick of the wings which are characteristic of pigeons in general.

Spotted Dove is a long-tailed, slim pigeon, 32 cm in length. Its back, wings and tail are pale brown, heavily spotted with buff. In flight, it shows blackish flight feathers bordered on the inner edge with pale grey. Juveniles are duller than adults often lacking the patchy neckband when very immature. The head and underparts are pinkish, shading to pale grey on the face and lower belly. There is a black neck patch finely spotted with white. The legs are red.

Tuxtla Quail-Dove

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Violaceous Quail-Dove

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White-crowned Pigeon

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White-faced Quail-Dove

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White-fronted Quail-Dove

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White-tipped Dove

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White-winged Dove

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The White-winged Dove is a dove whose native range extends from the south-western USA through Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean. It has also been introduced to Florida.

These are large, chunky pigeons at 30 cm. They are brownish-gray above and gray below, with a bold white wing patch that appears as a brilliant white crescent in flight and is also visible at rest. Adults have a patch of blue, featherless skin around each eye and a long, dark mark on the lower face. Their eyes are bright crimson. The sexes are similar, but juveniles are more brown than adults. They have no blue eye ring and their legs and feet are brighter pink/red. Young also have brown eyes. Males have a slight iridescent sheen on their heads.

Yellow-footed Green Pigeon

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The Yellow-footed Green Pigeon is a common species of Green Pigeon found in South Asia. The species feeds on fruits of a large variety of fruit trees. They forage in flocks. In the early morning they are often seen sunning on the tops of emergent trees in dense forest areas.

Zebra Dove

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Zenaida Dove

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