Woodpeckers

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64 records

The Woodpeckers are a family of near-passerine birds. Members of this family are found worldwide, except for Australia, New Zealand, Madagascar, and the extreme polar regions. Most species live in forests or woodland habitats, although a few species are known to live in treeless areas such as rocky hillsides and deserts. 

Many species are threatened or endangered due to loss of habitat or habitat fragmentation. Two species of woodpeckers, the Ivory-billed Woodpecker and the Imperial Woodpecker, have been considered extinct for about 30 years.

Records

Acorn Woodpecker

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Antillean Piculet

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Arizona Woodpecker

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Black-backed Woodpecker

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Black-cheeked Woodpecker

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The Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker is a small brown and white woodpecker with distinctive pink-rimmed white irises. Barred brown and white above, lightly streaked dirty white below. Tail spotted white. Paler brown crown (edged red in male) and eyestripes contrasting with white supercilia and cheeks.

Brown-fronted Woodpecker

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It ranges across the northern regions of the Indian subcontinent, primarily the lower-to-middle altitudes of the Himalayas. It is found in Afghanistan, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Bhutan.

Its natural habitats are temperate forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

A medium-sized, pied woodpecker with yellow in crown. White-barred (rather than spotted) black. Underparts, prominent black moustache extending to breast and black-streaked white underparts. Vent deep pink. In male forecrown brown, centre yellow, rear red with black rear neck.

Chestnut-colored Woodpecker

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Cinnamon Woodpecker

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Crimson-bellied Woodpecker

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Crimson-crested Woodpecker

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Cuban Green Woodpecker

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Downy Woodpecker

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The Downy Woodpecker is the smallest woodpecker in North America. Adults are mainly black on the upper parts and wings, with a white back, throat and belly and white spotting on the wings. There is a white bar above the eye and one below. They have a black tail with white outer feathers barred with black. Adult males have a red patch on the back of the head whereas juvenile birds display a red cap.

It is virtually identical in plumage pattern to the much larger Hairy Woodpecker, but it can be distinguished from the Hairy by the presence of black spots on its white tail feathers. Their breeding habitat is forested areas, mainly deciduous, across most of North America to Central America. They nest in a tree cavity excavated by the nesting pair in a dead tree or limb.

These birds are mostly permanent residents. Northern birds may migrate further south; birds in mountainous areas may move to lower elevations. Downy Woodpeckers roost in tree cavities in the winter.

Downy Woodpeckers forage on trees, picking the bark surface in summer and digging deeper in winter. They mainly eat insects, also seeds and berries. In winter, especially, Downy Woodpeckers can often be found in treed suburban backyards and will feed on suet at birdfeeders

Fernandina's Flicker

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Gila Woodpecker

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Gilded Flicker

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Golden-cheeked Woodpecker

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Golden-fronted Woodpecker

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Golden-green Woodpecker

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Golden-naped Woodpecker

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Golden-olive Woodpecker

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Gray-breasted Woodpecker

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Gray-crowned Woodpecker

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Greater Flameback

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The Greater Flameback is a large woodpecker, at 33 cm in length. It has an erect crest and a long neck. It always has unmarked golden-yellow to dark brown back and wings. The rump is red and the tail is black. The underparts are white with dark markings or light brown. The adult male Greater Flameback always has a red crown. Females have a black crown spotted with white lighter dots. Young birds are like the female, but duller, with brown irides.

Guadeloupe Woodpecker

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Hairy Woodpecker

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Heart-spotted Woodpecker

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Hispaniolan Woodpecker

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Hoffmann's Woodpecker

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Imperial Woodpecker

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Ivory-billed Woodpecker

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Jamaican Woodpecker

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Ladder-backed Woodpecker

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Lesser Goldenback

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The Lesser Goldenback found widely distributed in the Indian Subcontinent. It is one of the few woodpeckers that are seen in urban areas. It has a characteristic rattling-whinnying call and an undulating flight. It is the only golden-backed woodpecker with a black throat and black rump.

The Lesser Goldenback is a large species at 30 cm in length. It has a typical woodpecker shape, and the golden yellow wing coverts are distinctive. The rump is black and not red as in the Greater Flameback. The underparts are white with dark chevron markings. The black throat finely marked with white immediately separates it from other golden backed woodpeckers in the Indian region. The head is whitish with a black nape and throat, and there is a greyish eye patch. Unlike the Greater Flameback it has no dark moustachial stripes. The adult male has a red crown and crest. Females have a black forecrown spotted with white, with red only on the rear crest. Young birds are like the female, but duller.

Like other woodpeckers, this species has a straight pointed bill, a stiff tail to provide support against tree trunks, and zygodactyl feet, with two toes pointing forward, and two backward. The long tongue can be darted forward to capture insects.

Lesser Yellownape

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The Lesser Yellownape (Picus chlorolophus) is a type of woodpecker which is a widespread and often common breeder in Indian Subcontinent. This is a jungle species which nests in a tree hole, laying two to four white eggs. The Lesser Yellownape is a largish species at 27 cm in length. It has a typical woodpecker shape. The upperparts are green apart from the bright yellow tufted nape. The neck and breast are green and the belly is whitish, finely barred with green. The rump and tail are blackish. The adult male Lesser Yellownape has a green head with a white throat. He has red markings above the eye and above the nape, and red moustachial stripes. Females have only a red patch above the ear coverts. Young birds are like the female, but duller.

Lewis's Woodpecker

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Lineated Woodpecker

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Malabar Trogon

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Nuttall's Woodpecker

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Olivaceous Piculet

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Pale-billed Woodpecker

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Pileated Woodpecker

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Puerto Rican Woodpecker

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Red-bellied Woodpecker

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The Red-Bellied Woodpecker is a mid-sized Woodpecker. Adults are light-gray with black and white barred patterns on their back, wings and tail. Males have Red Cap from Bill to Nape whereas Females have Red patch on Nape and above the Bill. Reddish patch on belly is difficult to see.

Food mainly contains insects on tree trunks. They may also catch insects in flights like other birds. Diet also contains Fruits, Nuts and seeds.

They Nest in the decayed cavities of dead trees or in live trees having soft wood.

Red-breasted Sapsucker

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Red-cockaded Woodpecker

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Red-crowned Woodpecker

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Red-headed Woodpecker

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Red-naped Sapsucker

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The Red-naped Sapsucker is a medium-sized woodpecker. Their breeding habitat is mixed forests in the Rocky Mountains and Great Basin areas of North America.

They nest in a cavity in a dead tree. Adults have a black head with a red forehead, white stripes, and a red spot on the nape; they have a white lower belly and rump. They have a yellow breast and upper belly. They are black on the back and wings with white bars; they have a large white wing patch. Adult males have a red throat patch; for females, the lower part of the throat is red, the upper part white.

 They drill holes in trees and eat the sap as well as insects attracted to it. They sometimes catch insects in flight; they also eat seeds and berries.

Red-rumped Woodpecker

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Rufous Woodpecker

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It is a medium-sized, rufous-coloured woodpecker with a short crest and a short, weak and slightly curved black bill. It has black vermiculations on its rufous body and a dark eye stripe. The upperparts are finely barred black. The male has small red patches at the eyes.

Rufous-winged Woodpecker

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Smoky-brown Woodpecker

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Spot-breasted Woodpecker

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Strickland's Woodpecker

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Stripe-cheeked Woodpecker

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West Indian Woodpecker

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White-headed Woodpecker

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Williamson's Sapsucker

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Wryneck

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Eurasian wrynecks measure about 16.5 cm (6.5 in) in length and have bills shorter and less dagger-like than those of other woodpeckers. Their upperparts are barred and mottled in shades of pale brown with rufous and blackish bars and wider black streaks. Their underparts are cream speckled and spotted with brown. Their chief prey is ants and other insects, which they find in decaying wood or on the ground. The eggs are white as is the case with many birds that nest in holes and a clutch of seven to ten eggs is laid during May and June.

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

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The Yellow-bellied Sapsucker is a mid-sized woodpecker, measuring 25 cm in length, 40 cm in wingspan and weighing from 65 g. Adults are black on the back and wings with white bars; they have a black head with white lines down the side and a red forehead and crown, a yellow breast and upper belly, a white lower belly and rump and a black tail with a white central bar. Adult males have a red throat; females have a white throat.

Yellow-crowned Woodpecker

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The Yellow-crowned Woodpecker is a species of small pied woodpecker found in South Asia.

It is Medium-sized, pale-headed, pied woodpecker. Upperparts black, heavily spotted and barred white. Underparts dark, steaked dingywithe with red belly patch. Irregular brown cheek and neck patches. Female has yellowish crown and nape. In male nape scarlet and fore-crown yellow.

Yucatan Woodpecker

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